Sativa vs. Indica Strains


Photo Credit: Mostafameraji

“When you smoke the herb, it reveals you to yourself…”

– quote from Bob Marley

There are two main medicinal plant varieties of cannabis, each offering a distinct set of benefits. It is essential to understand the distinction between the two to find the appropriate strain for you.

The varieties of plants are often divided into specific strains or breeds. Strains are characterized by their particular content of cannabinoids and terpenes. These compounds determine the general effects of a strain.

Know the Quality of Your Bud

There are still many discussions as to whether cannabis Sativa is superior to an Indica or vice-versa. 

Sativa are renowned for their “head-high”, and energetic action that can assist in lowering anxiety or stress and boost creativity and concentration.

Typically, Indica strains are related to full body effects, such as enhanced deep relaxation and reduced insomnia. 

For a multitude of medicinal and recreational purposes, the two main cannabis varieties, Sativa and Indica, are used.

Cannabis Indica

Cannabis Indica plants are frequently short, large leafed, bushy plants. Indica plants usually grow faster and yield more than the Sativa. Medicinal Indica plants have higher levels of CBD and lower THC.

The main qualities of Indica medicinal strains include increased mental relaxation, muscle relief, decreases nausea, it reduces intense pain and physical discomfort. It improves appetite and increases dopamine secretion. Indica is for use during the night.

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa plants grow tall and slender with tight leaves contrary to Indica strains. In general, Sativa plants exhibit a lighter shade of green than their relative, the Indica strain. It takes more time for Sativa strains to grow, mature, and require more light. Medicine obtained from Sativa cannabis plants has lower levels of CBD and higher levels of THC.

Cannabis & Creativity


It is essential to consider the third type of cannabis before choosing Indica or Sativa; a combination of Indica and Sativa that is called a Hybrid. Depending on the characteristics they derive from their parent species, Hybrids are believed to fall somewhere between the Indica-Sativa spectrum.

To increase the THC level, many Hybrid Cannabis crops are cultivated, but each variety has a distinctive balance of the two cannabinoids.

For their unique effects, farmers and production companies often tend to select Hybrids. They can vary from decreasing anxiety and stress to relieving chemotherapy or radiation symptoms.


Even among the same cannabis strains, specific plants produce varying effects. It all depends on the chemical composition of the plant and the growing technique employed.

The benefits of any specific cannabis type rely on a variety of aspects, including the chemical profile of the product, your particular biology, tolerance, dose, and consumption procedure.

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